The drip irrigation system is more versatile as gives the farmer the ability to choose the amount of water the farmer wants to feed an individual plant. More so, comparatively, very little water is applied at regular intervals in the form of water droplets through nozzles connected to tubes spread over the soil to irrigate a limited area around the plant.
A drip irrigation system consists of a water supply head, the main pipe, lateral pipes, and drippers. As water moves through the small sockets of drippers, it is filtered until this is distributed in the pipe system.
This piping system therefore must be designed according to the type of plants, topography, and weather conditions typical to the geographical area.
What is the value of adopting drip irrigation? One might ask. The value behind installing a drip irrigation system is that it helps you use water more efficiently by minimizing waste, saves time and energy (unlike other types of irrigation) and reduces top soil run-off. With drip irrigation, you can place a precise amount of water where you need it. This guarantees that you don’t over-water or under-water your plants and in effect helps you conserve water and saves on other running costs associated with pumping water etc.
Again, drip irrigation helps you to manage weeds better unlike in overspray where you tend to water even unwelcome plants. The value here is that you can directly feed your plants from the same watering system, allowing easy fertilization, as well as utilizing it for measured distribution of other compounds needed to maintain plant health.
You can also easily add a fertilizer injector into your system and grow better, and healthier plants while watering them at the same time. Drip irrigation systems can also be used anywhere hence making it as effective and affordable as developing large-scale drip systems for vegetable fields, row crops, commercial greenhouses, orchards or vineyards. Setting the system up and putting it on a timer eliminates hours of hand watering and weeding. Most importantly, the water goes directly to the desired plant roots.
- Efficient use of water (minimum water loss).
- You can control the amount of water and intervals to be applied at the plant root zone or base to get desired outcome.
- Allows for optimum application of water fertilizers by directly targeting the plant root zone.
- It checks the weed growth at plant base apart from maintaining a low moisture tension in the air.
- Minimizes loss of fertilizer.
- The slow, consistent and extended period of irrigation enhances plant growth.